Update: Markus Hoffmann uploaded a new version of X11Basic-1.20.tar.gz to SourceForge that addresses most of these problems. I’ve edited the article to remove the obsolete bits.
More than 20 years ago, I really liked GFA-Basic. It ran blindingly fast on the Atari ST, and when it didn’t crash on the Amiga, it ran blindingly fast there too. I even wrote a review of it for comp.sys.amiga.programmer, which you can read to this day in all its textual glory. One of the e-mail addresses in that article still works, too.
I still sometimes think in BASIC, and there is much wringing of hands (not by me, really) that there isn’t a good interpreter for Raspbian on the Raspberry Pi. So when I found X11-Basic â€” a cross-platform GFA-Basic-like system â€” I had to take a look.
While I have managed to get X11-Basic demos to run, I have to say it’s not running super well. I’ll show you how to install X11-Basic 1.20 and get it (mostly) running, but it’s a bit rough on the ARM. Incidentally, these instructions also work on Ubuntu 12.mumble LTS on x86.
First, you need to install some (okay, a lot of) packages:
sudo apt-get install libreadline-dev tcsh libncurses5-dev xutils-dev libc6-dev libsdl1.2-dev libtool
Now download and extract the package:
tar xvzf X11Basic-1.20.tar.gz cd X11Basic-1.20
For X11Basic-1.20, you have to issue an extra command before the standard ‘
./configure ; make ; make install‘ sequence:
sudo mkdir -p /usr/local/share/man/man1 ./configure make sudo make install
This is enough to make a working
xbasic interpreter. I made some screenshots of some of the graphics demos â€”
As you can see, there’s some screen corruption, but most demos just worked. Incidentally, the Mandelbrot one took almost 1Â¼ hours to run. Took me right back, that did (or it would have, if I hadn’t been outside bombing about in the slush on my bicycle while it churned away).
In order to see just how fast the interpreter is, I ran the formerly fearsome Personal Computer World Benchmark #8 under X11-Basic. PCW#8 used to bring 8-bit home computers to their knees, typically taking more than a minute to run. Here’s the code, indented a bit and with a timing wrapper added:
LET start=TIMER LET K=0 L30: LET K=K+1 LET A=K^2 LET B=LN(K) LET C=SIN(K) IF K<1000 GOTO L30 ENDIF PRINT TIMER-start QUIT
(yeah, GFA-style BASIC isn’t too pretty …)
It takes about Â¼s to run. The old BBC B was supposed to take about 50s. By comparison, X11-Basic on a manky old dual-core Atom took 0.04s.
The native compiler xbc seems to work. To make a standalone binary of the above code, you do:
xbc -o PCWBenchmark PCWBenchmark.xbas
The compiled binary runs roughly twice as fast as the interpreted code. Not blazing fast, but a useful increase.
Unfortunately, the bytecode compiler
xbbc doesn’t actually do anything on the Raspberry Pi yet. So here I leave it up to you to play with X11-Basic, and see what it can and can’t do.